Today is world Diabetes Day, so here are some facts, figures, opinion and details about Diabetes for you.
About 10 per cent of people with diabetes in the UK have Type 1 diabetes. It’s got nothing to do with diet or lifestyle, it just happens. We're still not sure what causes it.
When you have Type 1 diabetes, your body attacks the cells in your pancreas that make insulin, so you can't produce any insulin at all.
And we all need insulin to live. It does an essential job. It allows the glucose in our blood to enter our cells and fuel our bodies.
When you have Type 1 diabetes, your body still breaks down the carbohydrate from food and drink and turns it into glucose (sugar). But when the glucose enters your bloodstream, there's no insulin to allow it into your body's cells. More and more glucose then builds up in your bloodstream.
About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. We all need insulin to live. It does an essential job. It allows the glucose in our blood to enter our cells and fuel our bodies. When you have Type 2 diabetes, your body still breaks down carbohydrate from your food and drink and turns it into glucose.
The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin. But because this insulin can’t work properly, blood glucose levels keep rising.So more insulin is released. For some people with Type 2 diabetes this can eventually tire the pancreas out, meaning their body makes less and less insulin. This causes even higher blood glucose levels.
Who is affected by Diabetes?
Only a few days ago we commemorated the end of the First World War, when over 700,000 men from the UK lost their lives.
So it might shock you to learn that in the UK right now there are approximately 5 times that number living with Diabetes! That's right, 3.7 Million!
This statistic is even more shocking when you look at how quickly that number has grown in recent years.
2012 - 3.0 Million
2013 - 3.2 Million
2014 - 3.3 Million
2015 - 3.5 Million
2016 - 3.6 Million
2017 - 3.7 Million
It is also estimated that a further 1 Million people have Diabetes but are yet to be diagnosed.
12.3 Million people are also at "Increased Risk" of type 2 diabetes.
It's estimated that these numbers have all doubled since 1996.
What is the cost of Diabetes?
The cost of diabetes to the NHS is over £1.5m an hour or 10% of the NHS budget for England and Wales. This equates to over £25,000 being spent on diabetes every minute.
In total, an estimated £14 billion pounds is spent a year on treating diabetes and its complications, with the cost of treating complications representing the much higher cost.
Who is at risk?
About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. It can come on slowly, usually over the age of 40. The signs may not be obvious, or there may be no signs at all, therefore it might be up to 10 years before you find out you have it.
That’s why it’s very important to know the risk factors and find out your risk, so you can do something about it.
Your risk increases with age.You’re more at risk if you’re white and over 40 or over 25 if you’re African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian.
You’re two to six times more likely to get Type 2 diabetes if you have a parent, brother, sister or child with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is two to four times more likely in people of South Asian descent and African-Caribbean or Black African descent.
You’re more at risk if you’ve ever had high blood pressure.
You’re more at risk of Type 2 diabetes if you’re overweight, especially if you’re large around the middle.
Is it preventable?
Type 1 Diabetes is not preventable, but there are lots of ways of managing and treating the condition.
Around 9 out of every 10 cases of type 2 is preventable that means 4,230,000 people in the UK are living with a health condition that could have been avoided!
The key to preventing diabetes simply comes down to living healthy lifestyles. Eating well and exercising regularly. There is a very high correlation of people with Diabetes and people who are overweight so it is also a good idea to keep track of that too - however, this will also be controlled with a healthy balanced diet and plenty of exercise.
Your monthly reviews are a great way of keeping track of your measurements and also a good time to make sure that your exercise routine is as effective as possible. If you have diabetes, it's a good idea to book a review and chat to us about it. It may be necessary to increase the number of workouts you are doing each week. We can also give you pointers and tips about your diet too.
So today, we are asking all our members to think about if they are really doing all they can to prevent diabetes. The good news is that it is a condition that we have the power to avoid, or at the very least make the risks as low as possible by staying healthy and looking after our own wellbeing. At Fitness In Time we are here to help and provide the things you need. Remember that our workouts only take 30-minutes and we are always on hand for advice, support and motivation.